A Beginner's Guide: Understanding The Different Types Of Beer

Beer is one of the oldest drinks in the world, but there's still so much to learn. If you're a beginner looking to understand the basics of beer, this guide will help you get started.


Lagers are known for their simple and refreshing taste. They are fermented with bottom-fermenting yeast strains, which thrive in the cooler temperatures of caves and cellars. This results in a refreshing and thirst-quenching taste perfect for hot summer days. They are often categorized into light, medium, or full-bodied based on flavor and alcohol content.

Lagers are versatile in terms of food pairing. They're great for pairing with light, refreshing summer foods such as grilled chicken, fish, or salads. A light lager can be an excellent accompaniment to spicy Indian or Chinese cuisine while full-bodied. Maltier lagers pair well with roasted meats, German sausages, and stews. 


Ale is a type of beer that is fermented at warm temperatures. This style of beer is made using top-fermenting yeast strains that rise to the top of the fermenting tank as they consume the malt sugars. 

One of the primary characteristics of ales is their complexity of flavor. Unlike lagers, which are typically clean and crisp, ales have a range of flavors that evolve over time.

As they age, the malt and hop flavors become more pronounced, and the beer can take on additional notes of fruit, spice, or even chocolate. This complexity makes ales a great choice for those who savor the nuances of different beer styles and appreciate a layered drinking experience.


Stouts are a type of beer that are beloved by many for their rich, complex flavor profile. 

One of the defining characteristics of a good stout is its dark color, which comes from roasted malted barley. This gives stouts an earthy, coffee-like taste, perfect for beer enthusiasts who enjoy a more complex drinking experience. They are also generally thicker than other types of beer, giving them a luxurious texture that pairs well with rich foods like beef and chocolate.

Stouts come in many varieties, some of the most popular being milk, oatmeal, and imperial stouts. Milk stouts, also known as sweet stouts, contain added lactose sugar, which gives them a slightly sweeter taste than other stouts. They are perfect for those who enjoy a more dessert-like drinking experience.

Oatmeal stouts, on the other hand, contain oats in their recipe, which add a creamier texture to the beer. These stouts tend to be more mellow and less bitter, making them a great choice for those who are new to the world of stouts. 

Imperial stouts are the strongest and most complex of the stout family. They have a higher alcohol content and are often aged, giving them a more intense flavor profile that is not for the faint-hearted.